Wednesday, March 11, 2020

The Holocaust and its Survivors Children

The Holocaust and its Survivor's Children Evidence shows that the children of Holocaust survivors, referred to as the Second Generation, can be deeply affected both negatively and positively- by the horrific events their parents experienced. The intergenerational transmission of trauma is so strong that Holocaust-related influences can even be seen in the Third Generation, children of the children of survivors. We are all born into some story, with its particular background scenery, that affects our physical, emotional, social and spiritual growth. In the case of children of Holocaust survivors, the background story tends to be either a stifled mystery or overflowing with traumatic information. In the first case, the child may feel drained and in the second case overwhelmed.Either way, a child whose background story includes the Holocaust may experience some difficulty in their development. At the same time, the child may gain from their parents experience some helpful coping skills. According to studies, the long-term effects of the Holocaust on the children of survivors suggest a psychological profile. Their parents suffering may have affected their upbringing, personal relationships, and perspective on life. Eva Fogelman, a psychologist who treats Holocaust survivors and their children, suggests a  second generation  complex characterized by processes that affect identity, self-esteem, interpersonal interactions, and worldview. Psychological Vulnerability Literature suggests that after the war many survivors quickly entered into loveless marriages in their desire to rebuild their family life as quickly as possible. And these survivors remained married even though the marriages may have lacked emotional intimacy. Children of these types of marriages may not have been given the nurturance needed to develop positive self-images. Survivor-parents have also shown a tendency to be over-involved in their childrens lives, even to the point of suffocation. Some researchers suggested that the reason for this over-involvement is the survivors feeling that their children exist to replace what was so traumatically lost. This over-involvement may exhibit itself in feeling overly sensitive and anxious about their childrens behavior, forcing their children to fulfill certain roles or pushing their children to be high achievers. Similarly, many survivor-parents were over-protective of their children, and they transmitted their distrust of the external environment to their children. Consequently, some Second Gens have found it difficult to become autonomous and to trust people outside their family. Another possible characteristic of Second Gens is difficulty with psychological separation-individuation from their parents. Often in families of survivors, separation becomes associated with death. A child who does manage to separate may be seen as betraying or abandoning the family. And anyone who encourages a child to separate may be seen as a threat or even a persecutor. A higher frequency of separation anxiety and guilt was found in children of survivors than in other children. It follows that many children of survivors have an intense need to act as protectors of their parents. Secondary Traumatization Some survivors did not talk to their children about their Holocaust experiences. These Second Gens were raised in homes of hidden mystery. This silence contributed to a culture of repression within these families. Other survivors talked a great deal to their children about their Holocaust experiences. In some cases, the talk was too much, too soon, or too often. In both cases, secondary traumatization may have occurred in Second Gens as a result of exposure to their traumatized parents. According to the American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress, children of Holocaust survivors may be at higher risk for psychiatric symptoms including depression, anxiety, and PTSD (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder) due to this secondary traumatization. There are four main types of PTSD symptoms, and a diagnosis of PTSD requires the presence of all four types of symptoms: re-experiencing the trauma (flashbacks, nightmares, intrusive memories, exaggerated emotional and physical reactions to things reminiscent of the trauma)emotional numbingavoidance of things reminiscent of the traumaincreased arousal (irritability, hypervigilance, exaggerated startle response, difficulty sleeping). Resilience While trauma can be transmitted across the generations, so can resilience. Resilient traits- such as adaptability, initiative, and tenacity- that enabled survivor-parents to survive the Holocaust may have been passed on to their children. In addition, studies have shown that Holocaust survivors and their children have a tendency to be task-oriented and hard workers. They also know how to actively cope with and adapt to challenges. Strong family values is another positive characteristic displayed by many survivors and their children. As a group, the survivor and children of survivor community have a tribal character in that membership in the group is based on shared injuries. Within this community, there is polarization. One the one hand, there is shame over being a victim, fear of being stigmatized, and the need to keep defense mechanisms on active alert. On the other hand, there is a need for understanding and recognition. Third and Fourth Generations Little research has been done on the effects of the Holocaust on the Third Generation. Publications about the effects of the Holocaust on the families of survivors peaked between 1980 and 1990 and then declined. Perhaps as the Third Generation matures, they will initiate a new phase of study and writing. Even without the research, it is clear that the Holocaust plays an important psychological role in the identity of Third Gens. One noticeable attribute of this third generation is the close bond they have with their grandparents. According to the Eva Fogelman, a very interesting psychological trend is that the third generation is a lot closer to their grandparents and that its a lot easier for grandparents to communicate with this generation than it was for them to communicate with the second generation. Given the less intense relationship with their grandchildren than with their children, many survivors have found it easier to share their experiences with the Third Generation than with the Second. In addition, by the time the grandchildren were old enough to understand, it was easier for the survivors to speak. The Third Gens are the ones who will be alive when all the survivors have passed on when remembering the Holocaust becomes a new challenge. As the â€Å"last link† to the survivors, the Third Generation will be the one with the mandate to continue to tell the stories. Some Third Gens are getting to the age where they are having their own children. Thus, some Second Gens are now becoming grandparents, becoming the grandparents they never had. By living what they were not able to experience themselves, a broken circle is being mended and closed. With the arrival of the fourth generation, once again the Jewish family is becoming whole. The ghastly wounds suffered by Holocaust survivors and the scars worn by their children and even their grandchildren seem to be finally healing with the Fourth Generation.

Sunday, February 23, 2020

The ethic of equal opportunity Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

The ethic of equal opportunity - Essay Example The concessions came into vogue in the 1960s and 1970s. Preferential treatment programs to the above categories of the American population is not a concession, they are entitled for it. It is a petty societal gesture for the centuries of subjugation, physical violence and mental torture, destruction of the native culture and all sorts of negativities practiced against them especially on the African Americans. Other racial minorities and women also have been at the receiving end. Thus the initiatives of some firms and institutions to recruit a fixed number of minority and women candidates was a welcome relief and that enabled them to change and improve their lifestyles and provide better education to children. The above arrangements have decidedly worked to the advantage of minorities and women. At the middle class level perceptible changes are seen but several inequalities continue to plague the American corporate world. About 97% of corporate senior executives are white. When the to p decision makers are white it is futile to expect of them not to work and frame policies that are beneficial to the white community. Reservation is one of the options to remove inequalities but it is certainly not the panacea to remove all inequalities. Criticism springs forth from two quarters. From whites and a section of the blacks which has resulted in friction amongst the working class. The grievance of the whites is that the policy affects their employment opportunities. The black scholars oppose it and claim that the programs victimize and stigmatize the minorities and this has led to friction amongst the blacks and whites on the one hand and also amongst the different groups of blacks. Reservations may not be a perfect and rational remedy, but the wise saying goes that desperate situations need desperate remedies. The gross injustice done to the African Americans for over three centuries was the desperate situation in their history. They were totally helpless from all ends and the white community enjoyed at their cost. The mansions they built were through the sweat and blood of the slave labor. The atrocities committed by the whites can be forgiven but the historical facts can never be forgotten. So, quotas and reservations are the just alternatives to overcome the racial and sex barriers in the American society. As such, preferential treatment programs are morally justified. If there is one post and there are two applicants for the same, when one of them is selected, the other one is bound to feel discriminated. This is the natural human reaction. But preferential treatment programs have a broader perspective as they are based on the grounds of distributive justice. Society is like the scale of justice and both arms of the scale are equally important. Turn the pages of American history, one arm of the scale had to bear the heavy burden for centuries. As a result of past discrimination, minorities and women were denied the share of opportunities that were due to them. Though discrimination has now ended from the legal perspective, subtle discriminatory policies and practices continue to pervade business organizations and educational establishments. As such, preferential treatment programs seek to lessen inequalities and justice demands this should happen. â€Å"The first premise put forth by Wasserstrom was that race is still a significant factor in our

Sunday, February 9, 2020

How to Find the Best Topics to Include in a Self Reflection Essay

How to Find the Best Topics to Include in a Self Reflection EssayThinking about your life and talking about topics to include in a self-reflection essay can be quite difficult. There are so many different topics to choose from that it can seem very overwhelming to find one that is just right for you. However, there are some basic rules to follow so that you can make sure that your topic is going to be the one that you are most comfortable with.First of all, you need to think about why you want to write your self-reflection essay. Is it because you want to get help or did you want to help others? You need to think about your goals when writing a self-reflection essay and why you think that you need to write it.Second, you need to find the right topic to write about. As mentioned earlier, there are many different topics to write about. With so many to choose from, you might find it hard to narrow it down to just one. For this reason, you might want to try reading a few articles online first and get ideas for topics that you can write about.Lastly, when you have found the right topic to include in your self-reflection essay, you need to start by thinking about the reason why you want to write about this topic. The reasons that you might have for writing about your life are really important so that you can put them into words. By writing about your reasons for writing about your life, you can also give an idea of what kind of writer you want to be.Take some time to think about the different reasons that you have. These might include things like your interest in writing, your hopes and dreams, and your other strengths that you want to show off. When you have found the reason why you want to write about your life, you will have written the perfect topic for yourself reflection essay.You should make sure that you do not go overboard on the topics to include in your essay. If you include too many topics, you might end up feeling that you are forgetting the point of you r essay and that you are making it too long.To help you write your essay, there are small ideas that you can start with. First, you need to make sure that you have selected the best topic for you. Next, you should think about the reasons that you have for writing about your life and whether or not they are relevant to your own life.

Friday, February 7, 2020

Writing Custom TSLint Rules

Writing Custom TSLint RulesWe all know that writing custom tiling rules is not the easiest task to do. It is possible to do a project, it may have been about 6 weeks or so, but you fail to remember the various steps you had to take in order to save your program. Over time, you are probably going to get more frustrated with this task because your confidence level is probably starting to take a bit of a hit. All this frustration will only make you want to take the project over and start from scratch.If you really want to do a job like writing custom tiling rules that are going to help you understand the job, you are going to have to face the fact that it is going to take more than a few days. It's going to take a good amount of time to understand the job and then you're going to have to devote a great deal of your time to doing a good job. Fortunately, if you keep a journal you'll be able to write about all of the steps you take in order to complete the job, which will be the foundatio n of your motivation to do the job at hand.After you've written your own tslint rules and gotten everything written down, you'll be happy to know that you have a lot of paper that you can turn into an important teaching tool. You should do a good amount of reading to get a good understanding of how to start using tslint. You will need to learn how to take your test and get the results you need. Reading up on how to do that will get you started in the right direction.As you continue to read up on your custom tiling rules, you'll learn about the tslint options you have in regards to file names. You'll also learn that you can put your user name on the extension as well as the file name. Read up on how to handle those options so that you have the best possible results with your program.Eventually you'll understand enough about how to write your custom tiling rules that you can take the test. You should do this before you even know what the results are going to be. You should make sure y ou have an idea of what kind of results you want before you get started. This will make the results of the test much more meaningful. You can then start to write the tslint rules, the codes and everything else you need to pass the test.You should write out the tslint rules that you want to implement. Once you have the talent rules and all of the options you need in order to get them, you should take a few days to come up with a good base to start your tslint work. You'll probably come up with some that you don't like, but once you've had the chance to make a few revisions it should turn out better. Take some time to find something that you're excited about and start working with it.After you've made some changes and make sure you have all of the steps that you need in order to implement the tslint program, you should continue to work on it until you have a properly working version of your talent program. Once you feel comfortable with your program, you should feel confident enough t o write out your custom tiling rules and make a good first impression.

Marketing on the internet Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Marketing on the internet - Essay Example Amazon.com hit off as an online bookstore. However they soon diversified their portfolio and ventured into selling DVDS, CDs, and MP3 downloads software’s, games, electronics, food, toys, furniture and apparel. They started spreading out from United States and established bases in Canada, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Japan and China. Amazon’s target audience: Amazon has segmented its target market on the basis of various variables. Their target market is segmented on the basis of demographic, geographic, and psychographic variables. Demographically talking, Amazon attracts customers who have constant access to the internet. In a recent survey conducted by Cyber Atlas, 55% men and 49% women amongst the internet using population admitted that Amazon.com is their favourite site for shopping. (CyberAtlas ; 2001)Geographically speaking, Amazon.com is most widely used in the United States and everywhere else in the world where there is Internet access. At the moment 2 9 million people in 160 countries are using the site. Amazon provides its customers with an engaging and a satisfying experience on their site. This ensures that the customers return to their site. It works on building customer loyalty by enabling features like personal customization of the web page for each of its customers. Amazon’s business strategies: Amazon built its competitive edge on three core strategies. These were: 1. Cost Leadership 2. Customer differentiation 3. Focus Under its cost leadership strategy Amazon has stood out by offering rock-bottom prices. It provides good quality products at low prices. Its prices can’t be matched by its competitors. This makes it an obvious choice for customers. Under the second strategy, Amazon offers current and prospective customers differentiation via convenience. It is one of the largest e-stores at the moment. Its product assortment is huge. It capitalizes on its huge product assortment, fast and efficient delivery a nd efficient services. It has focused on 4 primary areas for its focus strategy. These include the 1. Product focus. 2. Customer focus 3. Technology focus 4. Distribution focus As mentioned before, Amazon has a huge product assortment. Its product assortment has always attracted customers. Technology has always been central to Amazon’s business. It is an e-commerce business, a virtual market place, where every transaction is done online. Amazon’s E-marketing Strategy: Goal and Objectives: In 2008 Amazon’s vision was defined and re-phrased to mark complete focus on customer experience. It said â€Å"relently focus on customer experience by offering our customers low prices, convenience and a wide selection of merchandise.† The vision was to offer the Earth’s biggest consortium of products and to be the most customer centric company. This was Amazon’s core marketing message and it communicated its online value proposition both onsite and offsi te. (Chaffey) Amazon ensured that it offered lowest prices for most of the popular products that it was offering. However it also included less popular products that commanded high prices in the market. As a result it was able to squeeze margins for itself. Amazon’s primary objective was to be customer friendly and offer convenience to its customer. This was why it started offering free-shipping services soon. Another core objective at Amazon has been the fulfillment of promises and ensuring that customers are well-communicated and well-informed. Amazon did

Thursday, February 6, 2020

What Topics Would Be Good to Use for a Psychology Research Paper Reviews & Tips

What Topics Would Be Good to Use for a Psychology Research Paper Reviews & Tips Facts, Fiction and What Topics Would Be Good to Use for a Psychology Research Paper If you're going to compose a psychology paper, the very first thing you should do is pick a great topic. As you start trying to find psychology essay topic ideas, the very first thing which you should think about is the guidelines for your essay given by your instructor. Just like any research paper essay, the main issue is to construct your topic and paper with the robust evidence. Locating a solid topic is just one of the most essential steps when writing any kind of paper. Finding the correct topic is vital to your psychology research writing. Choosing one of our suggested topics will let you start writing a thriving research paper. What Topics Would Be Good to Use for a Psychology Research Paper and What Topics Would Be Good to Use for a Psychology Research Paper - The Perfect Combination You don't even have to sign up. One of the most difficult tasks for students is making up manageable and informative topics. For some students, a choice of topic is the easiest part. The Fight Against What Topics Would Be Good to Use for a Psychology Research Paper The entire research should be constructed around or from the subject. Make certain there are enough online sources on the subject you've chosen. You should be certain to understand everything clearly once you opt for an essay topic. If you pick a topic that's too broad, you will wind up writing just an o verall overview without an in-depth comprehension. Ruthless What Topics Would Be Good to Use for a Psychology Research Paper Strategies Exploited For example, a master level research paper demands an expert with no less than a master or Ph.D. degree. If you pick a concept which is too broad, you will remain on the surface without touching the most important thing in any respect. You require understanding of the training course material, along with current academic and scholarly discourse in the area. You should consider problems in your unique area of knowledge you want to discover solutions. Before you start, learn more about the way to run a psychology experiment. Two theories of persuasion is going to be discussed with regard to which routes the theories follow regarding people being persuaded. Cognitive psychology tackles the distinct mental processes happening in someone's mind. Organizational psychology is quite a diverse area and is among the most fascinating facets of human resource administration. But What About What Topics Would Be Good to Use for a Psychology Research Paper? Furthermore, be certain the topic isn't too broad as it might be difficult to cover comprehensively in the time and space allowed. You receive your topic and paper punctually and free up time for some other pursuits. You comprehend the fundamental approach for picking a fantastic topic, but nothing appears to be catching your interest. Even if a particular research paper topic is getting a great deal of buzz at the moment or other men and women seem interested in writing about it, don't feel tempted to make it your topic if you don't genuinely have some type of interest in it also. The Honest to Goodness Truth on What Topics Would Be Good to Use for a Psychology Research Paper As previously noted, the standard of your topic shapes the standard of your topic. When you've chosen an overall region, you can then narrow your paper topic down to something far more sp ecific and manageable. Without a suitable content, decent research paper topics don't make sense. The good thing is that quality does not need to be exorbitant. The Advantages of What Topics Would Be Good to Use for a Psychology Research Paper Nowadays you get a fantastic understanding what aspects to take into consideration when choosing a topic for your research paper so that it's time to locate a good one. Be aware that it's also important to pick the suitable research procedures. Selecting an intriguing topic is crucial for the success of your research project because it is going to send you in the appropriate direction and help you to stay interested and motivated during the whole writing process. Finding interesting psychology research paper topics is a true art, as it's an overwhelming and uninteresting undertaking, which is at the exact same time very responsible. If you must write only a single paper at the conclusion of the period, you can breathe out as you are blessed. In case you are feeling badly-prepared to select a topic, you could also have a difficult time preparing the proposal and producing a superior paper. So you will need to scale down to be certain that you will be in a position to perform a research within a limited time period. There's a time and a location for describing the facts of the studies of others in your research paper. Psychology is a rather broad and diverse area of study, and you will find a range of lists of potential topics for psychology essay papers online. It is one the disciplines that have a lot of topics to choose from and that is why many students gets a hard time trying to choose one. Development psychology is centered on the lifespan of human beings, so you've got numerous topics to pick from. Keep on reading to learn numerous topics that it is possible to consider. Because general psychology classes cover such a wide selection of topics, you have a huge range of subject ideas to select from . In the beginning, it seems complicated. Such a vibrant and dynamic field is likely to create some excellent research questions. You should also think of getting expert assistance if you lack the skills to investigate and formulate an informative and manageable topic all on your own. When you pick a research topic, make certain it is one which you understand and have a firm grasp on. If you're confused with a selection of interesting topics to research on the web, it's much better to choose what interests you the most. What the In-Crowd Won't Tell You About What Topics Would Be Good to Use for a Psychology Research Paper To compose an outstanding paper, you should thoroughly select your topic. A paper is always simpler to write if you're interested in this issue, and you'll be more motivated to do in-depth research and compose a paper that actually covers the full subject. It requires a research problem you need to solve. The more you fully grasp the simpler it's for you to compose a thriving research paper. There are a number of psychology research paper topic ideas in the web, but it's tricky to discover worthwhile ones that is likely to make the paper stand-out. You may even acquire superior examples of research paper topics to help you limit your pick. Not all research paper topics are made equal, and you would like to guarantee you opt for a good topic before you commence writing. Furthermore, you can observe various topics for your research paper on the site! Key Pieces of What Topics Would Be Good to Use for a Psychology Research Paper You want to reveal the readers that you master of this issue and not a confused newbie who doesn't understand what he or she's speaking about. A great idea is to select a topic associated with your previous experience because your readers will be impressed how well-informed you're. An excellent paper topic ought to be interesting and ought to incorporate an original idea or position try to prevent cliche topics which will likely bore your read er. Chancing upon a topic for your study can be hard, but there are lots of great methods to think of intriguing ideas.

Wednesday, February 5, 2020

The Secret of Crafting Your College Essay Ppt Nobody Is Talking About

The Secret of Crafting Your College Essay Ppt Nobody Is Talking About Developing a diagram or outline gives you the ability to put pen to paper and begin organizing your ideas. In addition, when crafting your subject line, don't attempt to bring any form of punctuation or capitalization to create your email stick out. Take into consideration that PowerPoint posters are simply a means whereby they are in a position to briefly present the topic that they're working on. Developing a PowerPoint presentation isn't only interesting, but extremely helpful! It can sound as a chore, and it'll certainly take a substantial quantity of work. At precisely the same time, you're impress the college admissions folks greatly if you may present your capacity to learn from your failures and mistakes. It is a rather entertaining type of task. Try to bring it to the next level once you truly feel the time is proper. As you progress through school, you're going to be asked to compose essays. You should offer information which is related to your thesis. Distinct kinds of essays need various forms of hooks to be able to engage the reader from the get-go. It's crucial that you learn early on how best to compose effective essays that communicate clearly and accomplish certain objectives. If You Read Nothing Else Today, Read This Report on Crafting Your College Essay Ppt The second body paragraph will stick to precisely the same format as the very first body paragraph. For instance, let's say you're writing an expository (informative) essay on the most crucial practice techniques in turning into a better tennis player. Employing the correct title for the person who you are addressing is a typical indication of respect. Two new essay options are added, and a number of the previous questions are revised. The New Fuss About Crafting Your College Essay Ppt Each individual paragraph should concentrate on a specific part of the thesis. But if you're predicted to compos e a particular analysis, then you're topic ought to be fairly specific. The truly amazing issue is there are seemingly endless forms of argumentative essays that you could write you simply have to have an opinion on something. If you're predicted to select your own subject, then the very first step is to define the goal of your essay. If you're predicted to create a paper that's an overall overview, then an overall topic will suffice. There's an endless number of different essay topics which can be analyzed. Get out a sheet of paper and create a list of all of the different topics that fit the aim of your essay. You'll normally be requested to write on a certain theme. Below, you can submit the necessary admission essay. You just need to submit one particular application essay. Admission essay is just one of the most significant essays in your life. Essay questions as well as the most important Common Application essay. Knowing the audience for a specific essay is significant as it determines the content that will show up in the writing. When you first begin writing essays in school, it is not uncommon to have a whole topic assigned to you. Clearly, writing an essay on the subject of marijuana is too general. The essay that's full of bad puns or off-color jokes will often wind up in the rejection pile. So How About Crafting Your College Essay Ppt? Just like with another kind of writing, it is essential to initiate a research paper with an intriguing sentence. An expository essay should use evidence and facts in order to spell out something, not merely rely on personal opinion. That's the reason why it's important to edit your thesis based on the sort of arguments you provided. These topic sentences will develop into the framework for the remainder of your paper. If you're still uncertain about your presentation, keep reading to come across a variety of engaging presentation topics. All de cent presentations have a very clear purpose, and an argumentative presentation is going to have clear argumentative intent. When it has to do with creating a very good PowerPoint presentation, selecting an intriguing topic can define your success. Obviously, crafting PowerPoint presentations isn't as hard as writing, for instance, a top-notch research paper but still, it may take an excessive amount of time that numerous students often lack. The Basics of Crafting Your College Essay Ppt High school or college may be strange place since there are many kinds of writing to do in the shape of essays. Regardless of the kind of school you're applying to, you're going to be asked to submit an admissions essay as a portion of the application approach. The entrance essay gives a chance for you to differentiate your qualifications from some other candidates. A poorly executed essay can lead to a stellar student to become rejected. When it's for college admissions or scholarship money, odds are you are going to have to write a minumum of one application essay. A large part of what is going to draw in admissions officials to your character is going to be the quality of your insightfulness. You wish to get hold of an admissions officer or professor from a college you're applying to that is much away. A chance for a college application. Consider Your Interests The simplest approach to generate a productive presentation is to tell about something you're interested in or know well. There's truly something for everybody! Additionally, when addressing someone by name, remember to use their complete name. Quite simply, obtaining a focused topic is critical, but having a particular audience is every bit as important.